Property Insurance

Property Insurance

Property insurance is necessary to protect your property from various risks of fire, theft, or any weather damage. There are many insurances available specific to different situations. Different types of insurances include fire insurance, flood insurance, home insurance, earthquake insurance or boiler insurance.

There are two types of property insurances – named perils and open perils.

  • Named Perils need the actual reason of the loss to be mentioned while applying for a claim. The common named perils are losses emerging out of lightning, theft, or fire.
  • Open Perils gives coverage to all losses unless specifically mentioned in the insurance. They generally exclude losses from natural calamity, war, nuclear incidents.

There are the three major types of coverage:

Replacement coverage insurance covers all your replacement related expenses. It pays for your house repairs irrespective of the depreciation. Such coverage has premium based on replacement cost value and not at actual cash value.

The actual cash value insurance coverage gives replacement cost excluding the depreciation. Any extra cost will also be covered even if the constructions costs have increased. There is, generally, a variance of 25% above the coverage limit. Once you get an insurance policy, the coverage limit is the maximum that the insurance company will pay for any claim raised by you. Insurance companies also have some age criteria below and above which; they don’t issue or continue a policy.

This amount may need to be adjusted if the cost of replacing a house is rising in your neighborhood; this amount needs to be in tune with the actual reconstruction cost of your house. In the case, there is a fire, all household items replacement is calculated as a percentage of the value of the home. In case, you have high-value items, the insurance company may ask you to cover them separately. Another option available is that you can choose insurance with alternative living space in the policy. If the property insurance you have covers the loss you incurred, it can cover the living expenses you incurred while your damaged property was still being reconstructed. The actual costs that the insurance company will reimburse will vary according to the policy you take. You must consult with your advisor for the benefits you can avail in case such an incident occurs.

Casualty coverage helps business houses to protect themselves in the event of a breakdown or injuries, damages to their employees due to any reason while they are in their workplace. There are different varieties of coverages available like workers’ compensation, commercial umbrella, commercial auto and professional and management liability. All businesses these days cover their workers against any loss or mishap at the workplace. It is advisable too as the costs to pay for the loss could be exceptionally high.

Worker’s compensation coverage provides important and necessary statutory benefits; both medical and indemnity in nature and remuneration for loss of time from the job. The insurance companies help companies to manage business in order to cut down on costs on employees or any other segment of the business. The main aim of the insurance company is an early recovery of employees so that they can cut down on the cost of the employees and get them to work as soon as possible.


Reinsurance is also known as the insurance for insurers; it also acts to minimize loss arising out of insurance. It is the process of shifting a part of your risk portfolio to some other party by virtue of an agreement to minimize the chances of paying a large amount of sum resulting from an insurance claim. The party that decides to diversify its portfolio is called the ceding party. The party that accepts to insure the potential claim that may be payable in the event of a loss in lieu of a share in the premium paid is the re-insurer.

There are numerous benefits of reinsurance; the main one being security to handle your business comfortable. Reinsurance gives you the freedom from worries of security for your equity and solvency and provides support when unforeseen circumstances occur. An insurer may also underwrite policies covering a larger amount of risk at affordable administrative costs in order to cover the solvency margins. Also, reinsurance gives considerable liquidity in case of a huge loss.